What are Solicited and Unsolicited Manuscripts?

There are two distinct manuscripts in the world of an academic journal: solicited and unsolicited manuscripts. We will look at the difference between both these types of manuscripts/

Solicited vs. Unsolicited Manuscripts

Solicited manuscripts, of course, are relatively valuable things and the authors creating them have been asked by academic journals to create said manuscripts. Unsolicited manuscripts, by contrast, are created by authors based on their own research.

Publishers Typically Solicit Manuscripts

Authors and researchers published in the past by academic journals frequently benefit from solicitation of new manuscripts by those same publishers. Authors and researchers whose priors works have proven popular, either by citation in other media sources such as journals, magazines and so forth also produce a higher amount of solicited manuscripts. After all, why wouldn’t you research and then write a manuscript if you knew it was wanted by a publisher?

Most publishers, in fact, regularly solicit manuscripts or at least issue calls or requests for manuscripts, examine initial treatments by authors and then give them the go-ahead (or a rejection, on the other hand) allowing for many solicited manuscripts to at least enter the preliminary or early stages of book and article publishing. In fact, some publishers only accept solicited manuscripts from authors, typically those with literary or other publishing agents with some influence at the various publishers.

Publishers Accepting Unsolicited Manuscripts

All is not lost for unsolicited manuscripts, however, some publishers actually do accept unsolicited creations and even give them more than just a cursory glance before consigning them to the rejection bin. Some publishers even believe in accepting only unsolicited manuscripts. This is perhaps on the theory that an unsolicited manuscript’s author is hungry, would be amenable to extensive rewrites from copy editors and would generally jump as high as the publisher said to jump, and at the scheduled intervals.

Related: Do you have questions on language, grammar, or manuscript drafting? Get personalized answers on the FREE Q&A Forum!

Of course, finding a publisher willing to accept an unsolicited may take some time and effort. Very small boutique publishers or publishers of obscure journals are sometimes willing to take a chance on an unsolicited manuscript. Of course, such publishers and journals may have very little influence and even less in the way of resources to ensure an author’s work receives the distribution and recognition it deserves. This is also another reason for why large publishers may not consider an unsolicited article or manuscript: they’re sometimes inundated with them, by authors of both great skill as well as those with very little.

In the end, if you have a manuscript and no publisher has asked you to create it you must become your own best salesman, agent’s assistant (or even the agent himself), publicist and an all-around pest to a publisher. It will take some effort to see your unsolicited manuscript accepted by a publisher, but more than a few of the best works created by authors started out in such a manner. If on the other hand, you have a publisher soliciting manuscripts, especially of the type you create, then the world is your oyster, though it may be a very small oyster at least at the beginning. But your publisher, upon gazing at the magnificent edifice that is your solicited manuscript, will no doubt turn it into an immortal and renowned work.

  1. Stephen Atkinson says

    I have self published , will this affect any chance of getting my work out there to the main publishers?
    If an offer by a publisher was to come to fruitfulness would it affect me ?
    If I removed my work from self publishing would this be acceptable by the publisher?

    1. Enago Academy says

      Hi Stephen,
      Thank you for sharing your query with us. Please share a few more details about the platform that you have used for self-publishing your article. Meanwhile, please note that the biggest advantage of publishing your research in a reputed/well-indexed journal is that it undergoes a rigorous peer review process. On the other hand, self-publishing may not necessarily ensure the same quality and may therefore not add value to the existing literature. Nevertheless, self-publishing your work before submitting it to a peer-reviewed journal does have a few clear advantages. To learn more, please go through this article: https://www.enago.com/academy/what-is-really-driving-the-preprint-trend/
      Whether or not a particular journal accepts previously self-published articles entirely depends on the journal’s editorial policies. However, it would be a good idea to mention to the journal editor that you have already self-published your article. This could be mentioned upfront in your cover letter. A few journals also accept pre-submission queries, so you might want to explore this particular option as well. Many journals do accept self-published papers. Meanwhile, please go through our article on pre-submission queries: https://www.enago.com/academy/drafting-a-pre-submission-inquiry/
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