Different Scientific Writing Style Guides

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  Jun 21, 2016   Enago Academy
  : Academic Writing, Format & Style
academic writing styles

Authors are required to follow prescribed writing styles, formats, and guidelines mandated by a research journal when submitting an article for publication. This is to ensure that an article is consistent with the language and presentation quality characteristic to that journal. These criteria are usually outlined on the “Instructions to Authors” (also referred to as “Guidelines to Authors”) page/s of the journal. The first step in preparing an article for publication is to check the requirements specified by the target journal.

There are several generic requirements and conventions, and in addition, there are ones pertaining to specific subject areas. These are related to language and presentation, conventions, notations, citations, and other aspects. These guidelines are typically updated at periodic intervals at meetings of eminent and experienced editors in specific fields. Some of the commonly used style guides and manuals are listed below.

Listing of style guides

 Type/Subject Area  Association/Organization  Style Guide
 General  Modern Language Association  MLA Style Manual: 3rd Ed.
 General  American Psychological Association  APA Style Manual: 6th Ed.
 General  University of Chicago Press  Chicago Manual of Style: 16th Ed.
 Physics and Astronomy  American Institute of Physics  AIP Style Manual: 4th Ed.
 Chemistry  American Chemical Society  ACS Style Guide: 3rd Ed.
 Biology  Council of Science Editors  CSE Manual: 7th Ed.
 Mathematics  American Mathematical Society  AMS Handbook
 Engineering  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers  2009 IEEE Style Manual
 Medicine  American Medical Association  AMA Manual of Style: 10th Ed.
 Meteorology  American Meteorological Society  AMS Style Manual

The above list is representative but is not meant to be comprehensive.

Once an article is written in conformity with the appropriate guidelines specified above, professional editing services can be utilized to crosscheck or improve on both language and presentation aspects. This can serve to expedite both the editorial and peer review process, and increase the chances of that article being accepted for publication.

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