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Thank you for placing your query on our forum. Patents, trademarks and copyrights fall under the category of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). If you create a product, publish a book, or find a new drug, intellectual property rights ensure that you benefit from your work. These rights protect your creation or work from unfair use by others. IPR are generally of two types: copyrights and industrial property rights. Copyrights provide authors with the right to protect their work. They covers databases, reference works, computer programs, architecture, books, technical drawings, and others. Copyrighting the work ensures that no one else is allowed to use it without permission. Industrial property rights, on the other hand, include trademarks, patents, geographical indications, and industrial designs. A trademark is a unique sign used to identify a product or a service. It can be a single word or a combination of words and numbers. Drawings, 3-D signs, or even symbols can constitute a trademark. For instance, Google is a famous trademark. The trademark application can be filed at national or regional levels depending on the extent of protection required. A patent is an exclusive right to an invention that introduces a new solution or a technique. If you own a patent, you are the only person who can manufacture, distribute, sell, or commercially use that product. Patents are usually granted for a period of 20 years. The technology that powers self-driving cars is an example of a patented invention. For more information on IPR, you can check through the following resources: https://www.enago.com/academy/intellectual-property-rights-what-researchers-need-to-know/ & https://www.enago.com/academy/understanding-copyright-licensing-and-attribution/.