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SmartShorts

Top 10 Handy E-Tools for Researchers

As a researcher, are you busy meeting deadlines, multi-tasking, updating yourself with advances in your field, networking with peers, and bogged down with dozens of other related…

Tips for Handling Galley Proofs

Reviewing “galley proof” involves the final proofreading of accepted manuscripts by authors prior to journal publication. Scrutinizing galley proofs carefully ensures error-free…

Top 10 Tips for Peer Reviewers

Peer review is essential to ensure the quality of research that is published in academic journals. It ensures manuscript and journal quality and is, therefore, a crucial aspect of…

How to Use Units Correctly

Most research articles need units. When it comes to scientific writing, style guides ask authors to use unit symbols and discourage them from spelling out the actual unit (e.g., m…

First Person vs. Third Person

Not being able to write in third person is a common pain point among authors. In academic writing, generally third person is preferred over first person. Sentences…

Who vs. Whom

Researchers often get confused between the usage of “who” and “whom.” Both are pronouns but have slightly different meanings. “Who” is generally used for the subject, while…

Comprised vs. Comprised of

Academic writing needs to be concise. Academic or scientific writing should not contain extra words and fancy expressions just to make it lengthy. Redundancy deteriorates the…

Discussion vs. Conclusion

A well-organized manuscript generally follows the IMRaD (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) format to convey the relevant information to the target audience. The…

Annex vs. Appendix

Journals or funding organizations may require authors to submit supporting documents along with their manuscript or grant proposal. These supplemental documents fall under the…