Animal research has been conducted for a very long time. One of the key arguments for animal testing is the fact that we can generate data that will be useful for treating disease in humans. However, the use of non-human subjects for research has often been an area of intense debate. Do we actually need to use animals for medical research or are we simply guilty of speciesism?
Those in favor of using animals in research argue that animals cannot be considered equal to human beings. Therefore, the benefits that humans derive in terms of the data produced from animals used in scientific research outweigh any harm done to the animals. It may be argued that most animals lack our cognitive capabilities and our level of autonomy. This would limit our obligation toward them and would also limit their rights, leading to a form of speciesism.