English Editing Samples of Medicine, Engineering, Economics and Business Papers

Sample Edits

Listed below are a few excerpts of papers edited under our Proofreading, Copyediting, and Substantive Editing services. These edits explain the differences between the three services, mainly in terms of the extent of intervention and output quality. To decide which service will suit your paper best and to know more, see our service checkpoints.

*Please note that the Copyediting samples are edited under Double Check (2 Editors + Senior Editor Review).

MEDICINE AND BIOSCIENCES

 

Neuroscience Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Microbiology Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Cardiology Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Molecular Biology Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Genetics Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Immunology Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Biochemistry Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing

 

PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING

 

Physical Chemistry Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Plasma Physics Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Organic Chemistry Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Mechanical Engineering Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Mathematical Physics Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Material Sciences Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Mechanics
(Applied Physics)
Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing

 

ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS

 

Corporate Finance Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Management Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Economics Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Game Theory Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing

 

ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

 

Psychology Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Linguistics Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
History Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing
Sociology Proofreading Copyediting Substantive Editing

 

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Editing Levels: Proofreading, Copyediting, Substantive Editing 3 Editing Services

Each service is designed to check and correct different aspects of the written document, thus raising the overall quality of the original document. Read more on when to choose which service:
When to choose Proofreading

Under the Proofreading service, our expert proofreaders focus on correcting technical errors related to grammar and punctuation that will improve the overall presentation of the paper.


When should you choose our Proofreading service?
This service is apt for you if

  • You are confident of communicating in the English language in the context of your academic domain.
  • You have extensive experience in writing papers in the English language.
  • You want us to check whether you have used grammar and punctuation correctly and consistently.
  • Your paper is already formatted according to the guidelines of your target journal.
Important Notes
  • Free formatting is not available under the Proofreading service. Formatting can be opted for as an additional paid service under Journal Style Check. Free formatting is available only under Copyediting (Double Check) and Substantive Editing.
  • Assignments edited under Proofreading should not be considered publication ready unless stated otherwise.
  • Assignments edited under Proofreading do not qualify for Certificate of Editing. When evaluating papers written by non-native English-speaking authors, some journals require a Certificate of Editing which states that the paper is edited by native professional editors and may include a standard recommendation for English checking in the absence of one. Please note that this certificate is available only for assignments edited under Copyediting (Double Check) and Substantive Editing.
When to choose Copy-editing (Single Check)

Under the Copyediting (Single Check) service, our expert editors focus on correcting errors related to grammar, syntax, word choice, and sentence construction, which play a huge role in improving logical flow and the final presentation of the paper.


When should you choose our Copyediting (Single Check) service?
This service is apt for you if

  • You are comfortable with communicating in the English language in the context of your academic domain.
  • You have moderate experience in writing papers in the English language.
  • You are nevertheless not sure whether you have used the correct spelling, capitalization, punctuation, verb tenses, and the like.
  • Your paper is already formatted according to the guidelines of your target journal.
Important Notes
  • Free formatting is not available under the Copyediting (Single Check) service. Formatting can be opted for as an additional paid service under Journal Style Check. Free formatting is available only under Copyediting (Double Check) and Substantive Editing.
  • Assignments edited under Copyediting (Single Check) should not be considered publication ready unless stated otherwise.
  • Assignments edited under Copyediting (Single Check) do not qualify for Certificate of Editing. When evaluating papers written by non-native English-speaking authors, some journals require a Certificate of Editing which states that the paper is edited by native professional editors and may include a standard recommendation for English checking in the absence of one. Please note that this certificate is available only for assignments edited under Copyediting (Double Check) and Substantive Editing.
When to choose Copy-editing (Double Check)

Under the Copyediting (Double Check) service, our expert editors not only focus on correcting errors related to grammar, syntax, word choice, and sentence construction, which play a huge role in improving logical flow and the final presentation of the paper, but also provide inputs and make changes that amount to an enhanced output.


When should you choose our Copyediting (Double Check) service?
This service is apt for you if

  • You are more or less comfortable with communicating in the English language in the context of your academic domain.
  • You have some experience in writing papers in the English language.
  • You are nevertheless not sure whether you have presented your information in a format attractive to the academic community and readers in your field.
  • You are uncertain about continuity, sentence construction, word choice, and paragraph flow.
  • Your paper is long, and you feel you might not have used consistent terms or expressions throughout.
  • Your paper is somewhat or not formatted according to the guidelines of your target journal.
Important Notes
  • Apart from the scope and checkpoints mentioned above, we also offer free formatting under this service! Your edited paper will therefore comply with styles such as APA or MLA. Custom formatting guidelines specified by journals are also taken care of under formatting.
  • If choosing this service, you can also avail of a Certificate of Editing for your document. This certificate is useful especially for non-native English-speaking authors, because some journals require a Certificate of Editing which states that the paper is edited by native professional editors and may include a standard recommendation for English editing by native professional editors, in the absence of one.
When to choose Substantive Editing

Under the Substantive Editing service, in addition to copyediting, our expert editors will address issues such as structure, content gaps, and the overall style of the document, thereby ensuring that the document achieves its underlying objectives in a consistent and engaging manner.


When should you choose our Substantive Editing service?
You should choose this service if

  • You are not at all or only mildly comfortable with communicating in the English language in the context of your academic domain.
  • You have minimal or zero experience in writing papers in the English language.
  • You don't have the time to check and/or haven't reviewed the structure and the overall organization of the paper.
  • You are not sure whether you have used the correct spelling, capitalization, punctuation, verb tenses, article usage, and the like.
  • You are uncertain about continuity, sentence construction, word choice, and paragraph flow.
  • Your paper is long, and you feel you might not have used consistent terms or expressions.
  • Your paper is not formatted according to the guidelines of your target journal.
Important Notes
  • Apart from the scope and checkpoints mentioned above, we also offer free formatting under Substantive Editing! Your edited paper will therefore comply with styles such as APA and MLA. Custom formatting guidelines specified by journals are also taken care of under formatting.
  • If choosing this service, you can also avail of a Certificate of Editing for your document. This certificate is useful especially for non-native English-speaking authors, because some journals require a Certificate of Editing which states that the paper is edited by native professional editors and may include a standard recommendation for English editing by native professional editors, in the absence of one.

Editing expertise Editing Expertise

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  • Average experience of our editors is 19.4 yrs
  • MS, MD or PhD degree from top universities of the world like Harvard, Yale, and MIT etc.
  • Native English speakers (from US, UK, Canada, and Australia)
  • A number of editors at Enago are published authors and former peer-reviewers
  • Enago editors have held reputed positions in various scientific societies and research publication industry

View our editor profiles

Subject Areas

The vast experience of our editors and stringent quality-driven processes enable us to offer expert academic editing in the disciplines of Medicine, Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Engineering, Economics, Business, Management, Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences.

More

Client reviews Author Reviews

Marcelo Ricardo Vicari, Brazil

Author review: English editing, editing proofreadingEnago makes non native speakers of English to feel more confident when submitting a paper to English or American journals. My paper is in analysis for publication in a highly competitive journal after having used Enago’s English editing services. I am very satisfied with the overall editing quality and the editor made necessary changes without influencing my original thoughts. Thank you team Enago! Soon I hope to use the Enago services again.

78 more reviews

Published Papers

Enago’s clients have successfully published their work in high-impact international journals.Click to read a few excerpts from various specializations.

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What our clients say...

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