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Posts Tagged ‘repository’

20 September 2010  |  Posted in Choice of journal, Publication, Submission  |  1 Comment »

Open-access repositories or archives are intended for researchers to contribute the results of their research. This builds up an information and knowledge bank that is easily, and in most instances, freely accessible to everybody.

Repositories or archives are either organized by subject area or certain institutions maintain archives which cut across different disciplines. For instance, there are 78 open-access repositories in Japan according to OpenDOAR, most of which are institutional ones, with only a few classified according to subject area. A typical example of an institutional archive is the Department of Energy (USA) information bridge, which provides free public access to over 200,000 full-text documents. One of the oldest repositories arranged according to discipline is arXiv, which started off as a physics archive but now extends to mathematics, computer science and other disciplines. It hosts over 600,000 e-prints.

Archives may contain raw or processed data in any format, preprints or post-prints, theses or dissertations, and in general any digital file, including software. No peer review is performed for the contents of the repository but authors have the option of contributing post-prints of peer-reviewed articles, provided they obtain the permission of the publisher. The copyright is generally retained by the author except in the case of post-prints (reprints), wherein the original publisher may already hold the copyright.

Open access archives are most useful when they comply with the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) protocol to harvest metadata. Such archives are interoperable leading to greatly increased ease of access. Every research institution or university should strive to build and maintain its OAI-compliant repository.

Listings of open-access repositories can be found at the Directory of Open Access Repositories: OpenDOAR and the Registry of Open Access Repositories: ROAR. Peter Suber maintains a list of the listings of OAI-compliant archives which can be found at

Open-access archives can be a rich source of information, and can be indispensable in situations where the material is not available elsewhere. The proliferation of open access archives would benefit both the research community and the public who usually fund the research indirectly.

This post was written by William Stevenson, an English editor with Enago based out of the USA.

13 September 2010  |  Posted in Choice of journal, Journal requirements  |  Comment on this post »

The term Open Access encompasses a variety of research contributions intended for dissemination to the research community. These can be broadly classified into two types:

(1) Open Access journals

(2) Open Access repositories or archives

The distinguishing characteristic between open access journals and repositories is that peer review is performed for journals and is not required for archives or repositories. The peer-review process allows articles published in open-access journals to retain a quality similar to traditional journals.

From the authors’ perspective, an additional advantage may be the ability to retain copyright in the case of certain journals.

Different categories of open-access journals are evolving depending on whether the article is accepted from a repository/archive, if the journal scope extends to inter- or multi-disciplinary topics, or whether there are different levels of journals embedded within a single one.

Open-access repositories are usually arranged by subject area (e.g. arXiv for Physics and other areas, CiteSeerx with a focus on computers and information science) or by institution. Although peer review is not performed, authors are limited in terms of how much they can contribute to a given repository. Both preprints and post-prints can be part of the repository.

In addition to preprints and post-prints, archives can host additional material like raw and processed data, audio/video files, dissertations or theses, lecture notes and other such content.

Open Access content can also be classified based on the rights of authors:

Color Code Features
Gold Gives access to its research articles right after submission
Green Permits authors to archive post-prints
Pale Green Allows authors to archive preprints
Gray None of the above

The above classification was defined by Peter Suber. The gold/green classification is almost universally recognized, though there are other, slightly different versions of the color code.

More about various ways in which you can disseminate content through the open access mode can be found in future posts.

This post was written by William Stevenson, an English editor with Enago based out of the USA.

06 September 2010  |  Posted in Choice of journal, Impact of article  |  Comment on this post »

The open access movement offers a number of advantages to people cutting across all sections of society.

Access: Most journals and repositories do not impose access costs on the reader. Thus price barriers are substantially lowered or removed entirely. Authors are thus granted the ability to address a wider audience without the corresponding expenditure. The reach of the articles or materials increases tremendously since readers can retrieve it regardless of their economic status or geographical location.

Immediacy: The research results can be made immediately available to not just others within that community but also those beyond, including other scientists and laypeople.

Stimulating effects : The quick proliferation of results not only enlivens similar research, but also inspires others to make inroads into other areas which may open up as a consequence. Easy access to research material from all fields spurs interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research endeavors.

Impact and citations: Articles tend to have a much bigger impact in the short-term compared to “subscription-only” work. The long-term impact has been found to be similar, with some studies showing a slightly larger impact for open-access articles.

Search options: An article can typically be more easily located if it is in the open-access domain. In particular, searching within the article or recommending and sharing it with others, is facilitated to a great extent.

Modes of availability: In the open-access model, research material need not be restricted to articles only, unlike traditional publishing. Any kind of digital content, including text, images, raw and processed data, audio/video and software can be part of a digital archive.

Author and institution visibility: More readers can become aware of authors who publish in open-access journals as opposed to subscription-only journals. Institutions can enhance their profile by participating in or hosting open-access publishing. Funding agencies supporting the research can achieve more prominence.

Publishing costs: Since open-access publications are usually less expensive to produce and disseminate, both journals and publishers can benefit. In some cases, authors may be required to pay enhanced publication charges. Many traditional publishers have made part of their material open access which has enhanced their visibility and attracted subscriptions.

This post was written by William Stevenson, an English editor with Enago based out of the USA.

30 August 2010  |  Posted in Choice of journal, Impact of article  |  Comment on this post »

Open access publishing has grown tremendously in the past decade. Between 15-20 percent of journals are now published under the open-access model. The majority of researchers are unaware of the extent of the strides in open-access publishing.

Researchers have the option of showcasing their work in Open-Access Journals or can contribute to Open-Access Repositories/Archives. The factors influencing participation in the open-access model can be broadly classified as:

  • Ease of access and reach of research: Usually, anybody with access to the World Wide Web will be able to access your research if you use the open-access route. Whether readers will browse through your article depends on how well the journal is known and shows up in a search.
  • Profile and acceptability of chosen journal in your field: Whether an open access journal is highly rated in your field, to what extent publications will contribute to increased grant funding, help young faculty obtain tenure, or preferment for existing faculty.
  • If you choose to contribute raw or processed data, or pre-publication results, then you can choose an open-access repository.
  • Whether you would like to use open access to claim priority on specific results: a pre-publication version of the article can be made instantly available to a large audience through an open-access repository. This can help you preempt competitors in your field, and delay peer review until you submit to a journal.
  • Publication costs: Open-access journals may sometimes impose higher publication charges than traditional journals. Depending on your research budget and the journal that you may want to publish in, this factor may be important.
  • Whether you would like to retain the copyright to your work or not restrict it.
  • The form in which you would like to preserve your work. Traditional journals typically have print versions, while this will usually not be the case for open-access journals.

To locate open access journals in your field and beyond, you can browse the listing of over 5000 journals in the Directory of Open Access Journals.

There are several listings for repositories or archives, with a couple of prominent ones listed below. The Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) has over 1600 listings, and the Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) has a similar number.

This post was written by William Stevenson, an English editor with Enago based out of the USA.

Research paper topics, editing proofreading serviceHow to publish in a research journal
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