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Posts Tagged ‘preprint’

13 September 2010  |  Posted in Choice of journal, Journal requirements  |  Comment on this post »

The term Open Access encompasses a variety of research contributions intended for dissemination to the research community. These can be broadly classified into two types:

(1) Open Access journals

(2) Open Access repositories or archives

The distinguishing characteristic between open access journals and repositories is that peer review is performed for journals and is not required for archives or repositories. The peer-review process allows articles published in open-access journals to retain a quality similar to traditional journals.

From the authors’ perspective, an additional advantage may be the ability to retain copyright in the case of certain journals.

Different categories of open-access journals are evolving depending on whether the article is accepted from a repository/archive, if the journal scope extends to inter- or multi-disciplinary topics, or whether there are different levels of journals embedded within a single one.

Open-access repositories are usually arranged by subject area (e.g. arXiv for Physics and other areas, CiteSeerx with a focus on computers and information science) or by institution. Although peer review is not performed, authors are limited in terms of how much they can contribute to a given repository. Both preprints and post-prints can be part of the repository.

In addition to preprints and post-prints, archives can host additional material like raw and processed data, audio/video files, dissertations or theses, lecture notes and other such content.

Open Access content can also be classified based on the rights of authors:

Color Code Features
Gold Gives access to its research articles right after submission
Green Permits authors to archive post-prints
Pale Green Allows authors to archive preprints
Gray None of the above

The above classification was defined by Peter Suber. The gold/green classification is almost universally recognized, though there are other, slightly different versions of the color code.

More about various ways in which you can disseminate content through the open access mode can be found in future posts.

This post was written by William Stevenson, an English editor with Enago based out of the USA.

06 September 2010  |  Posted in Choice of journal, Impact of article  |  Comment on this post »

The open access movement offers a number of advantages to people cutting across all sections of society.

Access: Most journals and repositories do not impose access costs on the reader. Thus price barriers are substantially lowered or removed entirely. Authors are thus granted the ability to address a wider audience without the corresponding expenditure. The reach of the articles or materials increases tremendously since readers can retrieve it regardless of their economic status or geographical location.

Immediacy: The research results can be made immediately available to not just others within that community but also those beyond, including other scientists and laypeople.

Stimulating effects : The quick proliferation of results not only enlivens similar research, but also inspires others to make inroads into other areas which may open up as a consequence. Easy access to research material from all fields spurs interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research endeavors.

Impact and citations: Articles tend to have a much bigger impact in the short-term compared to “subscription-only” work. The long-term impact has been found to be similar, with some studies showing a slightly larger impact for open-access articles.

Search options: An article can typically be more easily located if it is in the open-access domain. In particular, searching within the article or recommending and sharing it with others, is facilitated to a great extent.

Modes of availability: In the open-access model, research material need not be restricted to articles only, unlike traditional publishing. Any kind of digital content, including text, images, raw and processed data, audio/video and software can be part of a digital archive.

Author and institution visibility: More readers can become aware of authors who publish in open-access journals as opposed to subscription-only journals. Institutions can enhance their profile by participating in or hosting open-access publishing. Funding agencies supporting the research can achieve more prominence.

Publishing costs: Since open-access publications are usually less expensive to produce and disseminate, both journals and publishers can benefit. In some cases, authors may be required to pay enhanced publication charges. Many traditional publishers have made part of their material open access which has enhanced their visibility and attracted subscriptions.

This post was written by William Stevenson, an English editor with Enago based out of the USA.

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