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Posts Tagged ‘open-access’

22 August 2015  |  Posted in Open Access, RESEARCH ETHICS, RESEARCH PUBLISHING  |  Comment on this post »
Net neutrality academic publishing

What is ‘Net Neutrality’?
Since the original design of the ARPANET, the communications network created between four local host computers at the Advanced Research Projects Agency in the late 1960’s, data has always moved through the packet switches called Interface Message Processors (IMPs) with no constraints as to the type of data or any assignments of priority to that data. New technologies are now capable of changing that democracy. Thanks to “deep packet inspection” (DPI) technology, network operators now have the capability to identify what kind of traffic is being funneled through their network and, conveniently, to control the relative speed of different packets of data.

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04 August 2015  |  Posted in Choice of journal, RESEARCH PUBLISHING  |  Comment on this post »
Dominance of English in Science

An Historical Anomaly
The prevalence of the English language in modern academic research is more recent than we might assume. As Slate magazine noted: “As recently as the 1960’s, some 40 percent of scientific literature was published in French, German, or Russian. Taxonomy has a Latin naming system, and astronomy is peppered with Arabic- and Persian-named starts – reminders of places where scientific prestige was once concentrated.” There is still an undeniable dominance of English in science, commerce, and politics, but with only 5 percent of the world’s population being native English speakers today, the question arises as to why non-English speaking researchers must translate their work into English to meet the needs of 95 percent of the world who speak it as a second language anyway?

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30 July 2015  |  Posted in Citations, RESEARCH WRITING  |  1 Comment »
Time to change Citation rules

Keeping Score
For decades, eager young researchers with a new article or paper to submit have been directed towards specific journals in their field based upon their respective rank. The higher the rank the higher the perceived prestige for the journal and, most likely, the higher the subscription fee. The journal would most likely have a rejection rate around 90%, and those submissions that were considered worthy of consideration would likely face a slow but thorough peer review by unpaid but dedicated academic professionals. Over time, different ranking frameworks were developed, each with their respective merits, but underneath them all rested the ubiquitous citation.

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29 July 2015  |  Posted in Open Access, RESEARCH PUBLISHING  |  Comment on this post »
Open access

Research For The Masses
As it reaches its’ fifteenth birthday, it may be too soon to speak of the ‘history’ of Open Access (OA), but enough time has passed since the launch of the Public Library of Science (PLOS) in 2000 to examine whether the original mission of OA, to challenge the prohibitively high subscription rates of academic journals, has succeeded. The fact that it took the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) thirteen years to get on board with a directive to: “Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures,” to make the published results of that research freely available to the public within one year of publication, might seem to suggest that OA is facing a tough battle for broad acceptance, but the reality is that the argument for freedom of access has been challenged by a preference for quality.

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Research Works Act

A Deceptive Little Bill
In December 2011, a short Bill (H.R. 3699) was introduced into the US House of Representatives by Representatives Darrell Issa and Carolyn Maloney called the Research Works Act (RWA).  It’s stated purpose was to “ensure the continued publication and integrity of peer-reviewed research works by the private sector.” The seemingly innocuous wording actually proposed a more dramatic change in the requirements to gain access to results from federally funded research studies. The bill would have stopped open access to federally funded research by preventing federal agencies from sharing research that had been published in commercial academic journals unless the journal publisher gave its permission.

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